Step by Step Oracle 12c R2 (12.2.0.1) RAC installation on Oracle VirtualBox with OEL7


How to Install Oracle RAC 12.2.0.1 on Your Laptop

Step1:

Requirements To Install Oracle 12c RAC.


To Complete this workshop you must coply with following minimum requirements
Hardware Requirements

We need 4 Servers as mentioned below
Minimum 2 Servers each with following Configurations

                              1 CPU (i7 or i7)
                              4 GB RAM (more RAM is better)
                              2 NIC
                              50 GB HDD minimum per node                       

1 Server for Storage with following configuration
                              1 CPU (i7 or i7)
                              2 GB RAM (more RAM is better)
                              1 NIC

1 Server for DNS/NTP etc

                              1 CPU (i7 or i7)
                              2 GB RAM (more RAM is better)
                              1 NIC

If you want you can bypass using DNS/NTP and in that case you dont Need 4th Server                           

Software Requirements for Oracle RAC Installation


Oracle Linux 7 (Use the latest spin eg. 7.3)
VirtualBox (5.1.14)
Oracle 12c Release 2 (12.2.0.1) Software (64 bit)



IP Requirements for Oracle RAC Installation


7 set of  IP addresses (in public IP range) for the purpose as described below
               1 Public IP for each node (2 node x 1= 2 IPs)
               1 Public IP for each node for VIP  (2 node x 1= 2 IPs)
               3 IPs for SCAN
               2 set of IPs (in Private network range) 1 IP per node for interconnect

Additionally you need 2 more public IPs to complete this workshop (1 for storage machine and 1 for DNS machine)

Here find an a short look how I have used the IP addresses
# Public

192.9.1.100   node1.oracle.com        node1
192.9.1.101   node2.oracle.com        node2
192.9.1.102   dns.oracle.com          dns
192.9.1.105   storage.oracle.com      storage

# Private
10.0.0.1   node1-priv.oracle.com   node1-priv
10.0.0.2   node2-priv.oracle.com   node2-priv

# Virtual IP

192.9.1.150   node1-vip.oracle.com        node1-vip
192.9.1.151   node2-vip.oracle.com        node2-vip

#SCAN
192.9.1.150                       scan.oracle.com                                            scan
192.9.1.151                       scan.oracle.com                                            scan
192.9.1.152                       scan.oracle.com                                            scan

Step2:

How to Download Oracle VirtualBox, OEL7 and Database Software


Click Here to see step by step instruction how to download the required Softwares

Step3:

How to Create New Virtual Machine

Create and Configure the VM as per the above given requirement

Click Here to see the step by step instruction

Step4:

How to Install Oracle Enterprise Linux (OEL 7) on VirtualBox.

Click Here for step by step documentation and  complete the OEL 7 (OS) Installation

Perform the installation on all 3 Servers. 2 for RAC nodes and 1 for DNS and NTP

Step5:

How to Perform Openfiler Installation

Click Here to find the step by step instruction

Step6:

Configure Openfiler and Discover the LUN on RAC nodes


Click Here to find step by step instruction

Step7:

How to Configure NTP.

Click Here to find how to Configure NTP

If you dont want to use NTP just deconfigure it and let the clusterware (CTSS) takecare of time synchronization

Step8: ( Either Step7 or Step 8 )

How to Deconfigure NTP


systemctl stop ntpd.service
systemctl status ntpd.service

 mv /etc/ntp.conf /etc/ntp.conf.org
 rm /var/run/ntpd.pid


Step9:


How to Configure DNS


Click Here to find step by step how to configure DNS


Step10:

Create Oracle Software owner Group and User

Perform below Steps on On Both Nodes (node1 and node2)

 A: Add group and user

Add oinstall and dba group
groupadd -g 500 oinstall
groupadd -g 501 dba

Add oracle user
   useradd -u 500 -g oinstall -G dba oracle
   Reset Password for user oracle
   passwd Oracle

 B : Create the directories and change ownship to Oracle
    mkdir -p  /u01/app/12.2.0.2/grid
    mkdir -p /u01/app/oracle/product/12.2.0.2/dbp1
    chown -R oracle:oinstall /u01
    chmod -R 775 /u01/

 C:  Configure /etc/hosts 


#loopback address
127.0.0.1       localhost.localdomain   localhost

# Public

192.9.1.100   node1.oracle.com        node1
192.9.1.101   node2.oracle.com        node2
192.9.1.105   storage.oracle.com      storage

# Private
10.0.0.1   node1-priv.oracle.com   node1-priv
10.0.0.2   node2-priv.oracle.com   node2-priv

# Virtual
192.9.1.150   node1-vip.oracle.com        node1-vip
192.9.1.151   node2-vip.oracle.com        node2-vip

D: Disable SELINUX

If alredy not disabled this is the time you must either  disable SELINUX setting or change to permissive
Change the setting by editing the "/etc/selinux/config" file, making sure the SELINUX flag is set as follows

SELINUX=disable
E: Disable IPtables/firewall

If you have the Linux firewall enabled, you will need to disable or configure it, as shown here. The following is an example of disabling the firewall.
systemctl stop  iptables.service
chkconfig iptables off

  F:  Enable NTP Slewing Option

 The Option is only needed i´f you are using NTP for time synchronization
If your RAC is going to be permanently connected to your main network and you want to use NTP, you must add the "-x" option into the following line in the "/etc/sysconfig/ntpd" file.

OPTIONS="-x -u ntp:ntp -p /var/run/ntpd.pid"

Step11

Prepare ASM Disk for RAC Shared storage


You have installed and configured openfiler in Step 5 and Step6. The shared LUN  (/dev/sdb) from openfiler is discoverd on your RAC node.
Create minimum 8 Partitions each 40GB in size as shown below. Use fdisk to create partitions
You can do this as root user and you must do it only on one node.




Step12:
Discover the partition on Node2:

Just execute the following command to sync the partiton table on node2 as well
Login as root

partprobe

fdisk –l  to see if the partitions are visible

Step13:
Create ASM disk using ASM Lib
For step by step instruction how to install, configure and use ASM Lib Click Here

Step14:

Configure user quibalance for oracle user
Or
Configure ssh for oracle user.

On node1:- $ssh-keygen –t rsa
                      $ssh-keygen –t dsa

On node2:- $ssh-keygen –t rsa
                      $ssh-keygen –t dsa

On node1:- $cd /home/oracle/.ssh
                        $cat *.pub>>node1

On node2:- $cd /home/oracle/.ssh
                         $cat *.pub>>node2

On node1:- $scp node1 node2:/home/oracle/.ssh
On node2:- $scp node2 node1:/home/oracle/.ssh

On node1:- $cat node*>>authorized_keys
On node2:- $cat node*>>authorized_keys

Now test the ssh configuration, should work without Password
On node1

ssh node1
ssh node2

On Node2
ssh node2
ssh node1


Step15:

Install RPMs
Install following required RPMs (same or above version) on both the nodes (node1, node2)
binutils-2.23.52.0.1
compat-libcap1-1.10
libgcc-4.8.2
libstdc++-4.8.2
libstdc++-devel-4.8.2
sysstat-10.1.5
ksh
make-3.82
glibc-2.17
glibc-devel-2.17
libaio-0.3.109
libaio-devel-0.3.109
nfs-utils-1.2.3-15
smartmontools-6.2-4
net-tools-2.0-0.17
cvuqdisk-1.0.10-1
cvuqdisk-1.0.10-1.rpm is located under /u01/stage/database/rpm/ (location where you have extracted your grid binaries)

Step16:
Configure Kernal Parameters
Configure Following Kernal  parameter on both nodes (Node1 and Node2)
Set Kernel Parameters (/etc/sysctl.conf)

fs.file-max = 6815744
kernel.sem = 250 32000 100 128
kernel.shmmni = 4096
kernel.shmall = 1073741824
kernel.shmmax = 4398046511104
kernel.panic_on_oops = 1
net.core.rmem_default = 262144
net.core.rmem_max = 4194304
net.core.wmem_default = 262144
net.core.wmem_max = 1048576
net.ipv4.conf.all.rp_filter = 2
net.ipv4.conf.default.rp_filter = 2
fs.aio-max-nr = 1048576
net.ipv4.ip_local_port_range = 9000 65500

# sysctl –p
Configure /etc/security/limits.conf file
oracle   soft   nofile    1024
oracle   hard   nofile    65536
oracle   soft   nproc    16384
oracle   hard   nproc    16384
oracle   soft   stack    10240
oracle   hard   stack    32768
oracle   hard   memlock    134217728
oracle   soft   memlock    134217728

Configure /etc/pam.d/login file
               session   required     /lib/security/pam_limits.so

Step17:
Copy and Unzip Software
Transfer the oracle software and unzip grid software to $GRID_HOME
Since I want to install grid software under /u01/app/12.2.0.2/grid. I must unzip grid software on this location.

Run cluster verification utility to perform the installation precheck
cd under /u01/app/12.2.0.2/grid

./runcluvfy.sh stage -pre crsinst -n node1,node2 -fixup -verbose
Fix any error /warnning reported by runcluvfy. It is highly advisble not to ignore a single warnning if you dont know the consequence

To fix Most common Issues just Click Here

Step18:

Login as Oracle user and execute gridSetup.sh from /u01/app/12.2.0.2/grid

./gridSetup.sh

Step19:

Follow the installer instruction as Shown below.

Choose Configure Oracle Grid Infrastructure for a New Cluster and click next



select configure an Oracle standalone Cluster and click next




 Enter Cluster Name, Scan Name and Port and click Next



Click on Add button and add the 2nd Server



Click on SSH Connectivity

 if you have already configured ssh you can test ssh configuration by clicking test button

to Setup the ssh you can click on Setup button

Click Next to proceed


Check if the proper Interface is selected. You  can Change the Default listing from drop down list.

Click Next



Click Next



Click Next


Enter the disk Group Name.
if your disk is not listed here
       
         Check if the disk discovery path is correct.Change if required
         Check if the permission of the disk is correct


Select appropriate disks and click Next


Enter the diskgroup Name to house the GMIR and click Next



Specify the Password and and Click Next


Click Next


Click Next.



Choose the Groups accordingly and click Next


Click Yes to ignore the warnning and click Next to continue




Enter Oracle base Directory and click Next




Click Next




Click Next


Click Install to start the Installation







Execute the scripts. Ensure to execute serially exactly in the order listed below

On Node1

/u01/app/oraInventory/orainstRoot.sh

On Node2

/u01/app/oraInventory/orainstRoot.sh

On Node1

/u01/app/12.2.0.2/grid/root.sh

wait to finish the root.sh on node1.

On Node2:

/u01/app/12.2.0.2/grid/root.sh

Click ok only once the script execution on both the nodes are completed successfully







Check the Status of clusterware



Install Oracle Database Software  12cR2 RAC

Click Here

Create Oracle Database 12cR2 RAC


Click Here

14 comments:

  1. Thanks sir
    is it possible without RAC ,can we setup HA for the above 12cR2

    ReplyDelete
  2. Hi Venkatesh

    depends on your application requirement. You can setup HA using dataguard (Physical standby) as well. You can even automate the failover using broker Although it is HA Solution for an application its not same as RAC and you always have some minutes downtime.

    ReplyDelete
  3. Thanks Sir let me comeback if I have any doubt basically I am Rhel person not DBA thanks for your reply

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